The development of tourism education began in Europe as technical and vocational training where key competencies in hospitality and management were offered. The expansion in international trade and globalization led to the influx of foreigners into these countries and this contributed to the growth of tourism. The public and private tourism sector were however understaffed as the vocational graduates were not well placed to handle the challenges of external tourism. As a result, the rapid growth of tourism studies and the development of travel and tour institutions occurred in different institutions of higher learning in the United States and other countries (Smith 93).