American colonization, however, paved the way for a mass exodus of Filipino to the US. One type of migrating Filipino was called the pensions, government scholars, who were sent to further their education and training. The others were workers, who came over as cheap. These workers came to be known as saccades. And in a constant effort to recruit these saccades the Hawaiian Sugar Plantation Association (HSPA) sent labor recruiters to the Philippines and they set up recruitment centers in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, and Cebu.