Thus, although the processes and the environment, as well as the technologies that existed during that era, are in no way any less than those carried out in recent times. The relative newness of the railroads, the newly invented compass used for navigational purposes, the invention of the telegraph, and the telephone during the past, deserves every bit of the fame that is today afforded to modern-day technology such as the Internet and the accompanying information revolution brought along with it (Harvey, 1995).